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Friday, May 21, 2021

Prostate Infections Symptoms And Treatment

Causes of Prostate Infection Its Symptoms and Treatment

Prostate Infections Symptoms Treatment

What is a Prostate infection?

Prostate infection (prostatitis) occurs when the surrounding areas of your prostate become inflamed. The size of your prostate can be likened to the size of a walnut.

It is located between your bladder and the base of your penis. The tube that carries urine from your bladder to your penis (urethra) passes through the centre of the prostate. The urethra also carries sperm from the gonads to the penis.

Different types of infections can affect the prostate. A few men with asymptomatic prostatitis experience no side effects or symptoms. While others reporting many symptoms, including severe pain.


Prostatitis (prostate infection)

Prostatitis (prostate infection): is a common condition that can be caused by an infection or inflammation of the prostate and sometimes the surrounding area. This is more common in men under the age of 50. And some studies suggest that up to 10% of adult men have prostatitis (prostate infection). There are a several kinds of prostatitis, each with various symptoms. Some men with prostatitis experience a lot of discomfort and pain that can occur in the pelvic area, testicles, or lower back. You may feel pain when urinating or ejaculating. Other patients may have symptoms similar to those with BPH. Other patients aren't really bothered about their symptoms.

Prostatitis (prostate infection) is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms of prostatitis (prostate infection) overlap with many other symptoms. The exact treatment for prostatitis depends on what type your doctor thinks you have.

Some men develop chronic prostatitis that recurs many times. Not all prostatitis (prostate infection) is completely cured, but symptoms can usually be controlled by consulting a doctor.


Types of prostatitis (prostate infection)

There are four types of prostatitis:

  1. Acute bacterial prostatitis: This type is the least common and can only last for a short time. It can be fatal if left untreated. It is the simplest type of prostatitis to diagnose.
  2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Symptoms are less severe and develop over the years. It affects young and middle-aged men and is more likely to cause recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  3. Chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome: It can affect men of all ages. It is a condition that causes discomfort and pain around your groin and pelvic area.  
  4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: The prostate is inflamed but has no symptoms. It is usually found when a doctor diagnoses another problem.

Causes of prostatitis (prostate infection)

The cause of prostatitis is not clearly understood, but there are many theories as to why you can contract it. Bacterial prostatitis can result from urinary reflux (backward flow of urine) into the prostate. This infected urine can be the result of recent cystitis, urethral abnormalities, recent catheterization, or surgery.

The exact cause of chronic prostatitis is unknown. Researchers think as follows.

  1. Microorganisms can cause chronic prostatitis
  2. Your immune system is responding to previous urinary tract infections
  3. Your immune system responds to nerve damage in that area

Bacterial infections are the cause of both acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Microorganisms (Bacteria) can enter your prostate through your urethra.

The use of catheters and medical procedures, including the urethra, increases the risk of prostate infection. Other risk factors are:

  1. Obstruction of the bladder
  2. infection
  3. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  4. Enlargement or damage to the prostate, which may promote infection
Acute bacterial prostatitis

Prostate Infection Symptoms.

Symptoms associated with prostatitis depend on the underlying cause of prostatitis. Symptoms can come on slowly or come on quickly and improve rapidly (depending on the cause and available treatment). Alternatively, it can last for several months and keep coming back (chronic prostatitis). The speed and severity of onset are generally more pronounced in acute bacterial prostatitis.

There are four types of prostatitis. Each has their own set of symptoms and causes. Which includes:


Acute bacterial prostatitis

Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are severe and occur suddenly. If you experience any of the following symptoms; Please make sure you seek immediate medical attention.

  1. Burning or pain when urinating
  2. Nausea and vomit
  3. Physical pain
  4. Unable to empty the bladder
  5. Fever and chills
  6. Abdominal or lower back pain

Talk to your doctor if any of the following symptoms persist for more than a few days:

  1. Having trouble urinating, at first or when the skirt is weak.
  2. Thinking it's a urinary tract infection
  3. Frequent urination
  4. Having nocturnal or the need to urinate a couple of times during the night

You may likewise perceive an unpleasant smell or find blood in your semen or urine. Or you may feel severe pain in your lower abdomen or when urinating. These can be signs of acute bacterial prostatitis.


Chronic bacterial prostatitis

Symptoms of chronic infections may come and go, but they are not as serious as acute infections. These symptoms progress slowly or remain mild. Symptoms can last for more than 3 months and include the following:

  1. Burns when urinating
  2. Frequent or urgent urination
  3. Severe pain around your groin, lower mid-region or lower back
  4. Pain in the bladder
  5. Pain in the testicles or penis
  6. Difficult to initiate urine flow or weak flow
  7. Painful ejaculation
  8. ITU

Chronic prostatitis

The symptoms of chronic prostatitis are similar to those of chronic bacterial prostatitis. You may also experience discomfort or pain for more than 3 months.

  • Between the scrotum and the anus
  • Lower central abdomen
  • Around the penis, scrotum or hips
  • During or after ejaculation

See your doctor if you have pelvic pain, pain on urination, or pain on ejaculation.


How Will Your Doctor Diagnose Prostate Infections?

Prostate Infections Symptoms And Treatment

Your urologist will ask you questions about the symptoms you have and are currently experiencing and your medical history.

Then a physical examination will is performed on you. This includes a rectal finger exam (Digital Rectal Examination) to detect the abdomen (abdomen), testicles, and prostate. A strip test is taken to see if there are any signs of blood in the urine or UTI and the sample can be sent to a urine culture.

The value is unknown, but a PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood test may be required.

Your urologists may ask you to perform a flow test to check the speed of urination. For this, you need a comfortable, full bladder. This includes normal urination, but in a tube-like tube that collects urine and measures the amount of passage per second. Then do bladders scan. This takes only a minute and an ultrasound probe is passed through the lower abdomen to check the amount of urine remaining in the bladder.

Diagnosis of your prostate infection is based on your medical history, physical exam, and medical tests. Your doctor can likewise exclude serious conditions, such as prostate cancer when diagnosing. During a physical exam, your doctor will evaluate your prostate and perform a rectal finger exam to look for:

  • Discharge
  • Swelling or tenderness of the inguinal lymph nodes
  • Swelling or tenderness in the scrotum

Your doctor may also ask about your symptoms, recent urinary tract infections, and any medications and supplements you are taking. Other medical tests that can help you diagnose and plan for treatment include:

  1. Urine or semen tests to detect infection
  2. Prostate biopsy or prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  3. Urodynamic tests to see how the bladder and urethra store urine
  4. Cystoscopy, control of urethral and bladder obstruction

Your doctor may also order an ultrasound to find out more. The causes help determine the correct treatment.


How are Prostate infections treated?

Bacterial prostatitis

During treatment, your doctor may recommend increasing your water intake to help kill bacteria. Avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and acidic or spicy foods can be helpful.

For bacterial prostatitis, take antibiotics or antimicrobials for 6-8 weeks. If you have a severe acute infection, you may need to be hospitalized. During this time, IVs and antibiotics will be given.

Chronic bacterial infections require antibiotics for a minimum of 6 months. This is to prevent recurring infections. Your doctor may also prescribe alpha blockers that help relax the bladder muscles and relieve symptoms.

Surgery may be required if bladder obstruction or other anatomical problems occur. Surgery helps improve urine production and urinary retention by removing scar tissue.

Chronic prostatitis

Treatment of chronic prostatitis depends on the symptoms. Your doctor will give you antibiotics first to rule out bacterial infections. Other medications to relieve discomfort and pain are:

  1. Silodosin (Rapaflo)
  2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin
  3. Glycosaminoglycan (chondroitin sulfate)
  4. Muscle relaxants such as cyclobenzaprine and clonazepam
  5. Neuromodulators

Alternative treatment

Some people may enjoy the following benefits:

  1. Hot bath or prostate massage
  2. Hyperthermia with hot water bottles or hot packs
  3. Kegel exercises to train the bladder
  4. Helps release the fascia and relax the soft tissues of the lower back
  5. Relaxation exercise
  6. Acupuncture
  7. Biofeedback

Natural Treatment

Medical treatment is required. Drinking water helps flush bacteria.

Home remedies help relieve symptoms, but don't usually remove bacteria from the prostate. Treatment is usually required.

The home remedies are:

  1. Drink more water to flush or kill bacteria
  2. Avoid bladder irritants like alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods
  3. Soak in a warm sitz bath
  4. You can use a hot pad to reduce pain
  5. Avoid activities that irritate the prostate, such as cycling, horseback riding, and activities that require sitting for long periods of time.
  6. Practice Kegel exercises to train your bladder

Some people are relieved with the following alternative therapies:

  1. Acupuncture
  2. Biofeedback
  3. Natural enhancements, for example, rye-grass and saw palmetto

Always consult your doctor before trying complementary and alternative medicine. Treatments such as supplements and herbs can interact with medications you are already taking.

Prostate Infections Treatment Surgery


In rare cases, surgery on the urethra or prostate may be required. For the prostatitis surgery to work, there must be specific physical problems, such as scar tissue in the urethra.


When infected bacterial prostatitis disappears with proper treatment. But chronic prostatitis requires a variety of treatments.

The complications of acute prostatitis are:

  1. Bacteria in the bloodstream
  2. Abscess formation
  3. Difficulty in urination
  4. Sepsis
  5. In extreme cases, death

Complications of chronic prostatitis include:

  1. Difficulty urinating
  2. Erectile dysfunction
  3. Chronic pelvic pain
  4. Chronic pain when urinating

PSA levels can be high in prostate infections. Levels usually return to their normal range within 1-3 months. Contact your doctor after discontinuing treatment. If the level does not go down, your doctor may recommend a longer course of antibiotics or a prostate biopsy to check for prostate cancer.


When to contact your doctor if you suspect you have symptoms of prostatitis

If you have signs or symptoms that are compatible with prostatitis, you should see a doctor for further evaluation. Depending on your symptoms and your response to treatment, you may need to be referred to a urologist (a doctor who specializes in the genitourinary system).


Recurrent Prostatitis (Prostate Infection)

It is important to take the medicine prescribed by your doctor to kill the bacteria. However, even with the use of antibiotics, bacterial prostatitis can recur. This may be because antibiotics are not effective or do not kill all bacteria.

You may need to take medicines or try other medicines for a long time. If you have recurrent prostatitis, ask your doctor to refer you to a specialist such as a urologist. They can perform tests to identify the specific bacteria causing the infection. To gather this information, your doctor removes fluid from your prostate. After identifying the bacteria, your doctor can prescribe a variety of medications.



Chronic prostate infections have nothing to do with prostate cancer. It also does not increase the risk of prostate cancer. Prostate infections are also not contagious and are not caused by your partner. You can continue having sex until you feel uncomfortable.

Contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a prostate infection. These can include discomfort when urinating and pain around the groin or lower back. It is best to make an early diagnosis so that treatment can be started. Early treatment is important for prognosis, such as in cases of acute bacterial prostatitis.

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