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Tuesday, October 20, 2020

Facts About Bacterial And Fungal infection

Facts About Bacterial And Fungal infection

Bacterial infection

Facts About Bacterial And Fungal infection

Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms and are also called prokaryotic organisms.

Bacteria have three main forms.

  • Spherical: known as coccidioidomycosis.
  • Rod-shape: they are called bacilli.
  • Spiral: Spiral bacteria are called spirillas. If the spiral of the spirilo is particularly narrow, scientists call it a spirochette.

Bacteria can live in almost all types of environments, from extreme heat to extreme cold, and some can survive in radioactive waste.


There are billions of bacterial strains and few can cause disease in humans. Some of the bacteria live in the human body, such as the intestines and respiratory tract, without causing damage. which can be Facts About Bacterial And Fungal infection.


Some "good" bacteria attack "bad" bacteria and prevent them from causing disease. However, some bacterial diseases can be fatal.


These include:

  • Cholera
  • Diphtheria
  • Dysentery
  • Bubonic plague
  • Tuberculosis
  • Typhoid
  • Typhus

Here are some examples of bacterial infections:

  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Otitis media
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Upper respiratory tract (although this is typically popular)
  • Gastritis
  • Food poisoning
  • Sinusitis (again, more often viral)
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Skin infections
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Doctors can treat bacterial infections with antibiotics. However, some strains are hardy and can withstand treatment.


Fungal Infection

Facts About Bacterial And Fungal infection

Fungi are often multicellular parasites that can be broken down and enzymatically absorbed. However, some varieties such as yeast are single cells.


The fungus most often grows by releasing single-celled spores. The structures of the fungi are generally long and cylindrical, with small filaments extending from the body.


Many fungal infections occur in the upper layers of the skin, some progresses to deeper layers. Inhaled yeast or fungal spores can lead to fungal infections such as pneumonia or systemic infections. These are also called systemic infections.


The body generally has good bacteria which helps maintain the balance of microorganisms. These line the digestive organs, mouth, vagina and different parts of the body.


People at high risk of developing fungal infections include:

  • Taking antibiotics for a long time.
  • Weakened immune system as a result of HIV infection, diabetes, chemotherapy, etc.
  • You received a transplant because you are taking medications to stop your body from rejecting new organs.

Examples of fungal infections are:

  • valley fever, or coccidioidomycosis
  • histoplasmosis
  • candidiasis
  • athlete’s foot
  • ringworm
  • Some eye infections

The rash may indicate a fungal infection of the skin.

 Prion Disease

Prions are genetically free and generally harmless proteins. Scientists do not classify prions as living microorganisms. However, if the prion takes an unusual shape, it can become an unwanted agent and cause infections.

Prions can affect the entire structure of the brain and other parts of the nervous system. They do not duplicate or feed on the host. Instead, they cause abnormal behavior in the proteins and body's cells.

Prions cause degenerative diseases of the brain. All of these are rare, but they are progressing rapidly and are now deadly. They include bovine spongy encephalopathy (BSE), which people often refer to as mad cow disease, and Creuzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD).

Incase you have more facts about bacterial and fungal infections. Please feel free to share in the comment section below.

I look forward to hearing your opinion about this topic.

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